Ultrasound is described as the passage of sound waves through tissues to relieve pain and promote healing. Ultrasound produces many additional effects including tissue relaxation, local blood flow, and scar tissue breakdown. This procedure is utilized to treat conditions such as arthritis, periarticular structures including muscles, ligaments and joints that are inflamed, neuromas, and to soften adhesive scars.
This procedure involves passive and skilled movements of joints and soft tissues. Manual therapy is used to improve tissue extensibility, range of motion, reduce swelling, and moderate pain. Manual therapy techniques may include massage, mobilizations, passive range of motion, and manual traction. Manual therapy may be utilized as an adjunctive treatment to other procedures performed on the same day to restore muscle function, reduce edema, improve joint range of motion, or relieve muscle spasms.
The instruction and direct supervision of specific exercises are intended for the correction of a particular problem. Therapeutic exercises may be used to regain flexibility and increase strength and endurance. Therapeutic exercises may be utilized when a patient presents with loss or restriction of joint motion, strength, functional capacity or mobility secondary to a disease or injury.
Electrical stimulation is used to mimic the way muscles naturally contract. This procedure may be used to strengthen muscles, reduce spasms, relieve pain, and decrease inflammation. Electrical stimulation may be utilized as an adjunct for pain relief post-operatively or for certain types of chronic pain.
This procedure is implemented to improve balance, coordination, kinesthetic sense, posture, and proprioception. Neuromuscular reeducation is indicated when muscles may have lost their function secondary to an injury or a disease. The goal of neuromuscular reeducation is to improve the communication between muscles and nerves resulting in normal muscle function and movement patterns.